Connect a relay board to your Raspberry Pi
August 25, 2014
If you want to switch things like lights with your Raspberry Pi, you need a relay board. A relay is an electronic switch that can be switched with a low-voltage signal. Exactly what the Raspberry Pi offers as GPIO pins. The relay board I’ve found is ideal for the Raspberry Pi.
It has 8 relays and every relay can separately be switched with the Raspberry Pi because it has 8 GPIO pins. Also, the voltage needed to switch the relays is 5V, this can be taken directly from the RPi. This is why you don’t need any additional electronics.
You need the following things. I’ve bought these on banggood.com, but they’re widely available.
- 5V 8 channel relay board ( or Sainsmart 5V 8 channel relay board)
- Female to female jumper cables
- Raspberry Pi
WiringPi uses its own pin numbering system. The scheme below connects relay 1 to WiringPi number 0, relay 2 to number 1, etc. See this page to find the right pins on the Raspberry Pi.
|Pin on RPI||Pin on relay board||WiringPi number|
(This scheme is based on a revision 2 Raspberry Pi)
I’m using WiringPi as library to control the connected relay board. WiringPi is widely supported for popular languages like NodeJS , PHP, Python, etc.
- Install WiringPi
- Set every pin on OUT mode
gpio mode 0 out gpio mode 1 out gpio mode 2 out gpio mode 3 out gpio mode 4 out gpio mode 5 out gpio mode 6 out gpio mode 7 out
- Write 0/1 to the ‘WiringPi number’ from the pin scheme to test the relays
gpio write 0 0 gpio write 0 1 gpio write 1 0 gpio write 1 1
Now startup your IDE and build something awesome to control the electronics connected to the relay board!Go back